On Saturday, August 8, President Trump signed four executive orders supposedly designed to provide financial relief to those suffering due to the coronavirus pandemic. One of those orders is a payroll tax cut, and Social Security Disability claimants might be wondering how this will impact them.

How is it supposed to work? Essentially, workers who “generally” make less than $4,000 biweekly will not have to pay the typical 6.2% of their earnings into Social Security from September 1 to December 31. Currently, those taxes are still set to be collected at some as-yet-undetermined later date, but the president has also said that he would like to make this cut permanent.

There are big questions about whether President Trump can actually legally do this, and it is almost certain that the order will be challenged in court. For now, though, you should assume that the order will take effect.

Here’s what we know about the potential impact on Social Security Disability claimants. This executive order did not change:

  • Calculations for benefits
  • How quarters of coverage are earned
  • Insured status

Additionally, if you have recent earnings that could impact your claim, you still might need to show pay stubs or other similar evidence.

Beyond this, it is unclear since there has been no response published by the Social Security Administration (SSA) as of this writing.

However, there are a number of potential downsides to this executive order:

  1. Qualifying workers are only going to get a small bump in pay — particularly those on the lower end of the wage scale.
  2. Under current laws, those same workers will still have to pay that money back — possibly in a lump sum.
  3. If you’re one of the millions who is out of work, you get absolutely nothing.

Perhaps the biggest problem, though, is that in the long term cutting those taxes can reduce the solvency of the Social Security Retirement and Disability Trust Funds so that they run out of money far faster. 

So while the short-term effects are relatively minor, the long-term effect is much more concerning. Reserves will be depleted more quickly, making it more difficult to continue to provide benefits.